salamanca (july 22, 1812)
the scenario for napoleon's battles
The battle was fought in July 22, 1812. After a series of marches and counter-marches between the Tormes and Douro rivers,, Wellington and Marmont were anxious to try a contest so finally both armies crossed to south of the Tormes occupying the two more prominent features, los Hermanitos o Arapiles (the lesser Arapil by the British and the Great Arapil by the French). Marmont tried to cut the supposed retreat of Wellington towards Ciudad Rodrigo, but the manoeuvre was badly carried out by his subordinates and the British general suddenly attacked the overextended French.
The Order Of Battle is based on:
"Los Arapiles 1812. La campaña de Salamanca" M.A. Martín Mas, Almena Ediciones , Madrid 2005
"Salamanca 1812. Wellington Crushes Marmont" . I. Fletcher (Campaign 48),Osprey Publishing , 1997
"A History of the Peninsular War", Volume V, C. Oman, Green Hill Books, 2005
The second edition of Napoleon's Battles edited by Five Forks has been used (including all the optional rules) with some slight modifications fully explained in the Albuera pdf file and in the Home-Rules section:
1) The cavalry scale is also 1/120. To avoid distortions, 2 figures were removed for each 3 casualties.
2) Units of cavalry from 480 men upwards are allowed and units of infantry with less than four elements are also allowed to display under-strength infantry units.
3) Routed units can try to rally without an attached general with an additional '-3' modifier.
4) Divisional batteries are used (with a -1 modifier). The infantry fire is carried out as usual, but the resulting losses are not marked on the target unit, but are only used to cause disorder.
5) C-i-C ratings. Do not use “10” as Response number of the C-i-C’s but use the values assigned to them as Corps Commanders.
|Salamanca pdf file|
|Old map||Aerial view||Table-top map|
|The 'Little Brothers' o Hermanitos´' and the road to Alba de Tormes||Calvarrasa de Arriba and the Chapel of Our Lady of 'La Peña'||Aldeatejada and the roads to Salamanca and Ciudad Rodrigo||The 'Montes de Azan' and the 'Teso de San Miguel' heights|
SPECIFIC RULES OF THE SCENARIO
The Sceanrio map shows the situation after Marmont initiated his westwards movement in order to cut the supposed British retreat towards Ciudad-Rodrigo. To simulate the unsupported westwards advance of the French 5th and 7th divisions, place them in the dotted positions and consider them always out-of-command. In the necessary command control tests for the French 7th division, a half-move result is converted into a compulsory westwards half-move and a no-move result into a compulsory westwards full move (the extreme left of the Montes de Azán could not be surpassed anyway). In the case of the French 5th division, a half-move and a no-move results are respectively converted into a compulsory artillery/skirmish attack or a compulsory artillery attack on the Arapiles village. Marmont could halt these movements by attaching himself to these divisions.
Marmont is wounded
Additionally to the rule for eliminating Generals attached to routed or dispersed units, each time that Marmont is within 3” of a French unit fired upon by British artillery, carry out an elimination test likewise he was attached to a routed or dispersed unit.
British (and French) independent brigade commanders
The commanders of British cavalry and Portuguese independent brigades were used in a semi-independent tactical way so they are sonsidered and shown in the tabletop.
The French also deploy four brigade generals to carry out semi-independent missions beyond the control radius of their Division commanders. All these Brigade generals must remain continuously attached to their brigades, so their command radius is notprinted in the labels (nor counted in the points value of the Army). The labels can be glued on an individual General figure or on the command base of the affected unit, as preferred.
Marmont was short of cavalry and requisitioned several hundreds of horses from the officials of the Armée de Portugal to increase his mounted arm. To show their lesser efficiency, the statistics for the French Light Cavalry units are taken from the years 1813-1815 but the dispersal letter is maintained as ‘C’.
In Spain, French dragoons played the role of Heavy Cavalry. A new category has been added to the French unit roster.
The village of Arapiles (C3) is worth 10%, the village of Miranda (C1) 10%, the Lesser Arapil (B4) 20%, the Great Arapil (C4) 20%, the El Sierro heights(D4) or the road leading to Alba de Tormes 20% and the Aldeatejada (A1) road end leading to Ciudad Rodrigo 20% victory points each. The village of Arapiles, the Lesser Arapil and the A1 road end are British controlled at the start. The Great Arapil and the El Sierro heights are French controlled.
THE BATTLE IN PICTURES