miscellaneous

 

Spanish Joseph's defending the Durana bridge at Vitoria

spanish armies AT vitoria (june 21, 1813)

Vitoria was the last major battle fought on Spanish soil during the Peninsular War (June 21, 1813). In that battlefield there was Spanish units fighting in the both sides:

King Joseph's Spanish Army
    Royal Guard Infantry (Grenadiers, Voltigeurs and Fusiliers)
    Royal Guard Cavalry (Hussars and Lanciers)
    Line Infantry
    Light Infantry
    Light Cavalry (Chasseurs a Cheval)
Spanish Loyal Army
    Line Infantry
    Light Infantry

The uniforms of both Spanish armies, especially the corresponding to the King Joseph's Army, is a living research area. I am very grateful to Luis Sorando and Tom de Voe  from the Napoleon Series Forum, for helping me during my (superficial) research about these subjects.
For King Joseph's Army the references become mainly from the last works of Luis Sorando, published in the French magazine 'Soldats Napoleoniens':
    Les sources classiques sur l’armée de Joseph Napoléon Roi d’Espagne : une analyse critique

    L’Infanterie de ligne de l’armée espagnole de José I. Premiere et Deuxieme parties'
    La cavalerie de ligne espagnole de José Ier – (1) Les Chasseurs à Cheval
    La Garde Royale du Roi Joseph. 1ère partie. L’Infanterie
    La Cavalerie de la Garde Royal du Roi Joseph
as well as several messages exchanged in the Napoleon Series Forum

I have also used (for both Spanish Armies) the books
    Spanish Army of the Napoleonic Wars (3) 1812-1815'. Men-at-Arms Series No. 334. Osprey Publishing. 1999)
    Uniformes Españoles de la Guerra de la Independencia. J. M. Bueno. Aldaba Ediciones. 1989
    The French Army Royal, Republican, Imperial 1792-1815. Volume 5 Régiments  Hors de Ligne (Foreign Unifroms). G. F. Nafziger

For the flags I have used the reference for the web site of Luis Camero

The references I have finally used are summarized in the following table.

The research is not closed still. It was an agitated era!
 

UNIT FIGURES COLOR SCHEME NOTES PICTURES
Grenadiers
(King Joseph's Royal Guard)
ZVEZDA 8030
French Imperial Old Guards. Grenadiers

L. Sorando
Soldats Napoleoniens)
Fusiliers
(King Joseph's Royal Guard)
ESCI 227
French Line Infantry
L. Sorando
Soldats Napoleoniens
Voltigeurs
(King Joseph's Royal Guard)
ESCI 227
French Line Infantry
As above but green facings L. Sorando
Soldats Napoleoniens
Hussards
(King Joseph's Royal Guard)
ITALERI 6016
French Imperial General Staff
Osprey
Men-at-Arms 334
Lanciers
(King Joseph's Royal Guard)
HAT 8011
Napoleonic French Lancers
Osprey
Men-at-Arms 334
Line Infantry
(King Joseph's Army)
ESCI 227
French Line Infantry

 

L Sorando
Soldats Napoleoniens
Light Infantry
(King Joseph's Army)
ESCI 227
French Line Infantry
Unkonwn L Sorando (Napoleon Series Forum)
Light Cavalry
(King Joseph's Army)
HAT 8029
French Line Chasseurs
L Sorando
Soldats Napoleoniens
 
Line Infantry
(Loyal Spanish Army)
ESCI 227
French Line Infantry
Facings taken from Bueno Osprey
Men-at-Arms  334
Light Infantry
(Loyal Spanish Army)
ESCI 227
French Line Infantry
Facings taken from Bueno Osprey
Men-at-Arms  334


FIGURES