GÖHRDE (SEPTEMBER 16, 1813)
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The battle of Göhrde (16 September 1813) was an un-successful ambush laid by the General Count von Wallmoden-Simborn (14,000 men) in order to surprise the small French mobile division of the General Pecheux (4,000 men). The Wallmoden's force included the Russo-German Legion (former Prussian POW's under Russian flag), the Lutzow FreiKorps, the Hannoverian and Hanseatic landwehr, the KGL cavalry and infantry, the British 73rd Highland Foot regiment and a British Rocket Battery. The Pecheux 50th division belong to the Davout's command based on Hamburg. Because of the lack of coordination, Pecheux was not crushed, although he suffered a staggering 50% of losses.
The OOB's and the main narrative were taken from the Nafziger's and Smith’s books (See Bibliography). The Scenario is designed for the divisional version of Napoleon’s Battles.
|NBd Scenario for Göhrde|
All the French units are on the table in the positions marked in the table-map. The batteries can be located as desired.
(C) and Wallmoden 16.00 h at D2-D3 (30-70) (Numbers in parenthesis are percentages of occurrence)
(1/L) 16.15 h at B1-C1-D1 (10-40-50)
(2/L) 16.30 h at A1-B1-C1 (50-40-10)
(Cv) 17.00 h at D5 corner (70-30)
(1/R) 17.15 h at D3-D4 (70-30)
(2/R) 17.15 h at D3-D4 (30-70)
The O.R. 13.8.2 rule for Varying Time Arrivals is always applied to each force separately by considering the marked hour as being two turns before arrival.
All units arrive in column. The actual march order for each division or brigade must be diced out when arriving at the table (no artillery half-battery could enter until at least one infantry/cavalry of its command group was on the table).
All units enter by the same arrival area than the previous. The brigade and divisional commanders enter with the first unit of its command. Each Brigade commander enters with his brigade. Each Division commander enters with his division.
The Congreve rockets were a psychological weapon causing more havoc from the fear and disorder than actual losses. Since the battle is a divisional affaire, the NB statistics for British Rockets have been changed. The Fire factor is '-1' but, if successful, a disorder marker is placed on the target instead one loss marker
This Scenario is an annihilation battle, and the Allied objective is to fully destroy the smaller French force trying to evade. The point values are: French 155 vs. Allied 633. The multiplier for the weaker side (French) is 4.08 in both NB1 and NB2 (197 and 79 points respectively).
The only geographical objectives are the northern road-ends located at A1 (30 %), A3 (50 %) and B5 (20 %). Every French base retiring from the tabletop before than the end of game (20.00 h), is worth an additional 2.56% for the French (there are 39 French bases at the start).
Because of the lack of Allied coordination, Pecheux was not crushed. He suffered a staggering 50% of losses but he was able to retire towards Hamburg.
- Nafziger G. ‘'Napoleon at Leipizg. The Battle of Nations 1813”, The Emperor Press, Chicago, 1996
- Smith, D. “The Greenhill Napoleonic Wars Data Book”, Greenhill Books, London, 1998
NOTE ABOUT THE UNIFORMS OF THE USED FIGURES (See under RELATED PAGES section
The Wallmoden's command was a multinational force. It contained former German prisoners of war in the Russo-German Legion, Hannoverians in the Landwehr and King's German Legion (KGL) units and some assorted Hanseatic and British (Scots and Rockets) units.
In this re-fight, the Russo-German units were 'played' by Russian infantry (Line and Jaeger), Russian light cavalry (Hussars and Mounted Jaegers) and Russian artillery figures. Hannoverian Landwehr infantry were Peninsular British Infantry (one battalion got thier shako painted white to be transformed into the Von Bennigsen Battalion) and the Hannoverian light cavalry were Saxons hussars. Von Lutzow black-uniformed Frei Korps were Brunswick 'black' infantry (both Peninsular and Waterloo) and Prussian 'black' Hussars. Hanseatic infantry was 'loyal' Spanish infantry whereas King's German Legion (KGL) hussars, kilt-wearing Scots and British Rockets were played by themselves.
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